Welcome to the History Research Resource, an Open Pedagogy Project in which students share sources.
These Genesee Community College students have compiled primary and secondary sources based on topics in world history.
Started in spring 2019, we plan to add to the resource each semester. If you have resources to add please contact me (Judith Littlejohn) at firstname.lastname@example.org
Research topics, primary sources, secondary sources, and thesis ideas.
Secondary Source 1
Secondary Source 2
|Africa – The effect Islam had on culture and/or economics in Africa||Alberto Z||Mir, Salam. "Colonialism, Postcolonialism, Globalization, and Arab Culture." Arab Studies Quarterly 41, no. 1 (2019): 33-58. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.13169/arabstudquar.41.1.0033.||https://wasscehistorytextbook.com/3-islam-in-west-africa-introduction-spread-and-effects/||How was Africa's culture and economics effected by Islam?|
|Agriculture – compare/contrast Mesoamerican to Near East and China||Anna SF||https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/659308||https://repository.si.edu/bitstream/handle/10088/12119/stri_Pringle_1998.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y |
|Agriculture – significance of maize to Mesoamerican cultures||Joshua C||MacNeish, Richard S., and Mary W. Eubanks. “Comparative Analysis of the Río Balsas and |
Models for the Origin of Maize.” Latin American Antiquity, vol. 11, no. 1, 2000, pp. 3–20. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/1571668.
|Dezendorf, Caroline. "The Effects of Food Processing on the Archaeological Visibility of Maize: An Experimental Study of Carbonization of Lime-treated Maize Kernels." Ethnobiology Letters 4 (2013): 12-20. http://www.jstor.org/stable/26423552.||Alcántara-Ayala, Irasema. "Flowing Mountains in Mexico: Incorporating Local Knowledge and Initiatives to Confront Disaster and Promote Prevention." Mountain Research and Development 24, no. 1 (2004): 10-13. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3674458.||Why was maize so important to the meosamerican society: The Tehuacáns and did they originally discover the crop? Some sources show in favor of the Tehuacáns finding and thriving with maize.|
|Agriculture and human development||Taylor P||https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/development-of-agriculture/|
|Alexander – his empire, Persia, and the Sasanians||Anonymous||Primary – http://talesoftimesforgotten.com/2019/06/14/what-evidence-is-there-for-the-existence-of-alexander-the-great-quite-a-lot/|
|Assyrians and cruelty toward defeated people||Kamren B||http://www.thenagain.info/Classes/Sources/AssyrianArmy.html||Parker, Bradley J. "Archaeological Manifestations of Empire: Assyria's Imprint on Southeastern Anatolia." American Journal of Archaeology 107, no. 4 (2003): 525-57. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40024322.||Smith, William Stevenson. "Two Assyrian Reliefs." Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts 58, no. 312 (1960): 44-56. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4171324.||Did the cruel treatment of the people defeated by Assyrians contribute to their success as soldiers, or indicate a lack of empathy among these historic men?|
|Australia – how merino sheep changed the relationship between native Aborigines and settlers of New South Wales||Dustin W||Ferres, John. “Report of the Select Committee of the Legislative Council on the Aborigines.” https://aiatsis.gov.au/sites/default/files/catalogue_resources/92768.pdf Bingle, John. Past and Present Records of Newcastle, New South Wales. Bayley, Son, and Harwood, 1873.||Crescent, Lawson. “Merino Sheep Introduced.” National Museum of Australia, National Museum of Australia; Commonwealth of Australia, http://www.nma.gov.au/defining-moments/resources/merino-sheep-introduced.||“First Encounters and Frontier Conflict.” Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, 11 Sept. 2015, aiatsis.gov.au/explore/articles/first-encounters-and-frontier-conflict.||Did the settlers of New South Wales force Aborigines off their land in order to have grazing land for their sheep?|
|Aztec – how diseases helped the Spanish conquest of the Aztec people||Paul L||Barton, Dr. Marc. "Smallpox and the Conquest of Mexico." Past Medical History. 28 Feb 2018. https://www.pastmedicalhistory.co.uk/smallpox-and-the-conquest-of-mexico/||http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/ask-experts/would-there-have-been-more-diseases-among-the-english-than-among-the-aztecs||https://www.vox.com/2016/5/31/11638796/why-there-are-more-infectious-disease-outbreaks||The spread of European diseases was a leading factor in the conquest of Aztecs.|
|Aztec – Tenochtitlan society||Lily S||Parker, Bradley J. "Archaeological Manifestations of Empire: Assyria's Imprint on Southeastern Anatolia." American Journal of Archaeology 107, no. 4 (2003): 525-57. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40024322.||New book takes issues with Conquistadors' version of the fall of Aztecs, by Johanna Mercuri|
|Bubonic Plague – effects on Byzantine Empire in 6th Century||Scott B||Procopius: The Plague, 542. History of the Wars, II.xxii-xxxiii. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/source/542procopius-plague.asp||http://www.academia.dk/MedHist/Sygdomme/Pest/PDF/Plague_and_the_End_of_Antiquity.pdf||https://jmvh.org/article/the-history-of-plague-part-1-the-three-great-pandemics/||The outbreak of Bubonic Plague in Byzantium in the 6th century marked the beginning of the end of the empire.|
|Buddhism – how it was modified to fit Chinese culture||Emily S||"The Buddha Preaches the One Great Vehicle." Asia For Educators. Last modified, 1999. Accessed September 16, 2019. http://afe.easia. columbia.edu/ps/cup/lotus_ sutra_great_vehicle.pdf.||Juliano, Annette L. "Buddhism in China." Archaeology 33, no. 3 (1980): 23-30. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41726416.||Chan, Wing-Tsit. "Transformation of Buddhism in China." Philosophy East and West 7, no. 3/4 (1957): 107-16. doi:10.2307/1397344.|
|Buddhism in Korea and Japan||Charlotte P||SADDHARMA-PUNDARÎKA|
OR, THE LOTUS OF THE TRUE LAW.
Translated By H. Kern (1884)
Sacred Books of the East, Vol XXI.
|Davis, Bret W. 2014. “Naturalness in Zen and Shin Buddhism: Before and Beyond Self- and Other-Power.” Contemporary Buddhism 15 (2): 433. doi:10.1080/14639947.2014.935258.||Kim, Bokin. "Sot'aesan and the Reformation of Korean Buddhism." Korean Studies 19 (1995): 51-61. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23719139.|
|China – how the commuists took over and the impact of Mao Zedong's reforms||Rex R||http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/china/liu_shaoqi_good_communist.pdf||How was China impacted by the communist takeover and the variety of reforms put into place by Mao Zedong?|
|China – impact of the Treaty of Nanjing||Rick M||The Treaty of Nanjing Full Text:|
|Scott, David. 2008. China and the International System, 1840-1949: Power, Presence, and Perceptions in a Century of Humiliation. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. PP 24-28||Chimee, Ihediwa Nkemjika. “The Place of Opium in Anglo-Saxon Imperialism and Mercantilism in Asia: Fragments of Evidence from China.” Cogito: Multidisciplinary Research Journal. Vol. 10, Issue 3 (2018): 42-57.||The Treaty of Nanjing weakened the economy of China and its global standing compared to the period before the 1st Opium War.|
|China – what Ci Xi tells us about the roles of women in Qing China||Garrett Y||“Reform Edict of the Qing Imperial Government (January 29, 1901).” Asia for Educators. Accessed January 21, 2019. http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/cup/qing_reform_edict_1901.pdf||Schell, Orville and John Delury. “Western Methods, Chinese Core: Cixi 1835-1908.” In Wealth and Power: China’s Long March to the Twenty-First Century, 61-90. New York: Random House, 2014.||Zhang, Zhan. “Cixi and the Modernization of China.” Asian Social Science 6, no. 4 (2010): 154-159. doi:10.5539/ass.v6n4p154.||Despite Qing conservative constructs for women, Cixi successfully forged a prominent role for herself coinciding with a marginal change in other Chinese women’s roles.|
|Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism – compare/contrast||Emma M||http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/main_pop/ps/ps_china.htm||Kandel, Barbara. "New Interpretations of the Han Dynasty Published during the Pi-Lin Pi-Kong Campaign." Modern China 4, no. 1 (1978): 91-120. http://www.jstor.org/stable/188968.||Harris, Eirik Lang. "Early Chinese Political Thought as Conversation." China Review International 20, no. 1/2 (2013): 1-7. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43818358.|
|Cuba – compare the goals and methods of Castro and Che in relation to the revolution in Cuba||Michael P||Cuba between reform and revolution"by Louis a Perez 5th edition NY Oxford University Press||Dee, Jim. "Cuba's Permanent Revolution." Fortnight, no. 404 (2002): 14-15. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25560552. http://www.walterlippmann.com/hansen-pr-cuba.html||https://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/face-to-face/2017/07/che-guevara-fidel-castro-revolutionary-friends-170711115942430.html||The methods that Che and Castro implemented in relation to the revolution in Cuba withdrew every element of Democracy in Cuban Society, triggered massive immigration to Florida. Cuba was a country that was dependant on the USA, not as much as other traditionally colonized countries in Africa or Asia. Cuba passed an amendment that would allow the USA exercise the right to intervene in order to guarantee independence and a strong government to protect the freedom of people.|
|Domestication of animals and human development||Mary S||Wall painting – https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/179/||Zeder, Melinda A. "THE DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS." Journal of Anthropological Research 68, no. 2 (2012): 161-90. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23264664.||Shipman, Pat. "The Animal Connection and Human Evolution." Current Anthropology 51, no. 4 (2010): 519-38. doi:10.1086/653816.|
|Food – origins and misconceptiopns||Sureda D||Cortés, Hernán . 2014 "Second Letter from Mexico to Emperor Charles V." Oxford First Source. 4 Mar. 2019. https://www.oxfordfirstsource.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199399680.013.0083/acref-9780199399680-e-83||Pilcher, Jeffrey M. “Food and Empire”. History, Colonialism and Imperialism. The Oxford Handbook of Food History. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199729937.001.0001.||Harris, Jessica B. “Out of Africa: A Brief Guide to African Food History”. Food in Time and Place: The American Historical Association Companion to Food History. Edition: 1 University of California Press (2014). (pp. 95-106)||We have misconceptions about the origins of our favorite foods, I want to explore their beginnings and the reasons behind their transport to these different regions made possible via trade during the Columbian Exchange.|
|Haiti – the role of Voudun in the Haitian Revolution||Odilla L||Pollard, Elizabeth. et.al. "The Haitian Declaration of Independence (1804)". Worlds Together Wolrd Apart. Vol.2. Norton. 2015. Pages 565- 566.||https://web.archive.org/web/20120722160838/http://www.lai.su.se/gallery/bilagor/SRoLAS_No4_6.%20%E2%80%9DOur%20Government%20is%20in.pdf||https://library.brown.edu/haitihistory/index.html.||How important was the role of Voudon in the Haitian Revolution?|
|Ice Age and migration||Andrew A.||Crockford, Susan J. “Be Careful What You Ask for: Archaeozoological Evidence of Mid-Holocene Climate Change in the Bering Sea and Implications for the Origins of Arctic Thule.” Islands of Inquiry: Colonisation, Seafaring and the Archaeology of Maritime Landscapes, edited by Geoffrey Clark et al., vol. 29, ANU Press, 2008, pp. 113–132. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt24h8gp.10.||Rasmussen, Knud, C. H. Ostenfeld, Morton P. Porsild, and Lauge Koch. "Scientific Results of the Second Thule Expedition to Northern Greenland, 1916-1918." Geographical Review 8, no. 3 (1919): 180-87. doi:10.2307/207406.||Levy, Richard, and Peter Dawson. "Interactive Worlds as Educational Tools for Understanding Arctic Life." In Pastplay: Teaching and Learning History with Technology, edited by Kee Kevin, 66-86. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2014. http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv65swr0.7.||Were the Thule the last population to migrate into the Americas over the Bering Strait? Evidence helps suggest certain techniques that originated with their people/|
|India – Internal and external factors that contributed to the end of Mughal rule in India||Trinity R||https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/india/indiasbook.asp||Rezavi, Syed Ali Nadeem. "The Empire and Bureaucracy: The Case Of Mughal Empire." Proceedings of the Indian History Congress 59 (1998): 360-82. http://www.jstor.org/stable/44147005.||Pearson, M. N. "Shivaji and the Decline of the Mughal Empire." The Journal of Asian Studies 35, no. 2 (1976): 221-35. doi:10.2307/2053980.||While both external and internal factors contributed to the end of the Mughal Empire in India, the internal factors ultimately contributed the greatest.|
|Irrigation||Alana J||Dillehay, Tom D., Herbet H Eling, Jr. and Jack Rossen. " “Preceramic irrigation canals in the Peruvian Andes.” ." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America n.d. <https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1288011/>||Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United. n.d. 26 April 2019. <http://www.fao.org/home/en/>|
|Japan – 18th Century Tokugawa Japan and the reforms of Yoshimune||William D||http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/japan/ieyasu_four_classes.pdf||Economic and Social Trends in Tokugawa Japan Author(s): Seymour Broadbridge. Published by Cambridge University.||https://www.academia.edu/339800/Tokugawa_law_How_it_contributed_to_the_economic_success_of_Japan||Because of the Yoshimune reforms in Japan, the country was much more economically broad based. However, his second reform was not as lasting as the first.|
|Japan – class hierarchy of Tokugawa Japan||Brooke S||"Tokugawa Ieyasu on Military Government and the Social Order." Complied by Ryusaka Tsunoda and Wm. Theodore de Bary. Sources of Japanese Tradition, 1964. http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/japan/ieyasu_four_classes.pdf||Broadbridge, Seymour. "Economic and Social Trends in Tokugawa Japan." Modern Asian Studies 8, no. 03 (1974): 347-72. doi:10.1017/s0026749x00014670.||Hall, John W. "Rule by Status in Tokugawa Japan." Journal of Japanese Studies 1, no. 1 (1974): 39-49. doi:10.2307/133436.||The social heirachy of Tokugawa Japan was divided into 6 classes underneath the Emperor/Tokugawa, which were known as the Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai, farmers and peasants, crasftsman, and the merchants. The rigid, inmobility of the Endo period led to peace and stability for nearly 200 years.|
|Japan – effects of zaibatsu||Madeleine W||"On Tactics against Japanese Imperialism." Letter from Mao, Tse-tung. December 27, 1935https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/volume-1/mswv1_11.htm.||Did Zaibatsu lead Japan to become the leading economic power of Asia?|
|Japan – establishment of unique political and social system||Amelia W||Lurie, David B. "Of Allochthons and Alibis: Otherworldly Ideologies in Seventh- and Eighth-Century Japan." Monumenta Nipponica 68, no. 1 (2013): 79-88. http://www.jstor.org.library.genesee.edu/stable/43864591.||Yoshida, Kazuhiko, and 吉田一彥. "Revisioning Religion in Ancient Japan." Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 30, no. 1/2 (2003): 1-26. http://www.jstor.org/stable/30234476.||Brownlee, John S. "Ideological Control in Ancient Japan." Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques 14, no. 1 (1987): 113-33. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41298876.|
|Japan – how culture affected Japan's ambition to build an empire in the Pacific||Dominique R||http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/japan/aizawa_seishisai_shinron.pdf||Farris, William Wayne. 2009. Japan to 1600 : A Social and Economic History. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press, c2009. https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cat02987a&AN=GCC.000083288&site=eds-live.||https://eds.a.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail?vid=2&sid=f07218d9-c9c7-4e92-839b-237dd212b52d%40sdc-v-sessmgr03&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmU%3d#AN=GCC.000004715&db=cat02987a||Culture has defined nations over the course of history and became the driving force for many nations to become empires.|
|Japan – how the Meiji reforms affected womens' lives||Gretta S||http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/japan/meiji_constitution.pdf||Anderson, Marnie S. "Women and Political Life in Early Meiji Japan: The Case of the Okayama Joshi Konshinkai (Okayama Womens Friendship Society)." U.S.-Japan Womens Journal 44, no. 1 (2013): 43-66. doi:10.1353/jwj.2013.0011.||Patessio, Mara. "Opportunities and Constraints for Late Meiji Women: The Cases of Hasegawa Kitako and Hasegawa Shigure." U.S.-Japan Womens Journal44, no. 1 (2013): 93-118. doi:10.1353/jwj.2013.0007.||The Meiji Restoration was a significant turning point in Japanese history which marked the end of feudalism and their previous class system. With the end of the Tokugawa dynasty, womens lives in Japan were impacted both positively and negatively.|
|Japan – implications of Japanese imperial expansion into Korea in late 19th century||Alexis H||http://afe.easia.columbia.edu||Thorndike, Jonathan L. "Japan Expands into Korea." Great Events from History: The Nineteenth Century. Hackensack: Salem, 2007. Accessed March 25, 2019. https://online.salempress.com||Meyer, Hwa Soon Choi. "Japanese Annexation of Korea." Great Events from History: The Twentieth Century, 1901-1940. Hackensack: Salem, 2007. Accessed March 25, 2019. https://online.salempress.com||With the hunger for power spreading across the world, Japan was no exception as they began fighting for the neighboring land, Korea.|
|Mesopotamia – changes in large cities||Jocelyn P||https://www.historyonthenet.com/mesopotamia||Oates, Joan, Augusta McMahon, Philip Karsgaard, Salam Al Quntar, and Jason Ur. "Early Mesopotamian urbanism: a new view from the north." Antiquity 81, no. 313 (2007): 585+. Gale Academic Onefile (accessed November 10, 2019). https://link-gale-com.library.genesee.edu/apps/doc/A169923793/AONE?u=gencc_main&sid=AONE&xid=8ab6e638.|
|Ottomans use of geography against Constantinople||Thomas P||Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks/History of Mehmed the Conqueror||A History of War in 100 Battles||The Oxford History of Byzantium|
|Peasants – differences and similarities in roles of peasants in Mexican and Chinese revolutions||Mystie H||https://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/mao-zedong-peasant-revolution-in-hunan-1927/ and http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/4948/||Throughout world history there have many instances of revolutions within a country. The Mexican and Chinese revolutions had many similarities and differences especially in regards to the peasants of the revolution.|
|Peru – Nazca people, uniqueness, symbolic meaning||Elisabeth F||Townsend, Richard F. "Deciphering the Nazca World: Ceramic Images from Ancient Peru." Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 11, no. 2 (1985): 117-39. doi:10.2307/4108730.||Strong, William Duncan. "Paracas, Nazca, and Tiahuanacoid Cultural Relationships in South Coastal Peru." Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, no. 13 (1957): 1-48. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25146645.||Nasca_Overview_Zurich.pdf|
|Rwanda – how imperialist policies of the Belgians paved the way for the Rwandan genocide||Zachary Y||file:///C:/Users/Zachary%20Yoder/Downloads/Rwanda%20(2).pdf||https://web.archive.org/web/20070613233149/http://hrcberkeley.org/download/Rwanda-Curriculum-English1.pdf||http://www.monitor.upeace.org/archive.cfm?id_article=707||The vast horrors of the Rwandan genocide will never be forgotten, but there were policies implemented by the Belgian government which led up and into the carnage.|
|Slavery in the Islamic Empire||Andrea B||Fordham University Primary Sources https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/ancient/asbook.asp||Goodman, R. David. "Demystifying "Islamic Slavery": Using Legal Practices to Reconstruct the End of Slavery in Fes, Morocco." History in Africa 39 (2012): 143-74. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23471002.|
|South Africa – the Black Consciousness Movement||Nakita D||https://www.sahistory.org.za/archive/black-consciousness-and-the-quest-for-true-humanity||https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/black-consciousness-critical-relevant-and-liberatory-angle-vision-lerato-seohatse||https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/ideology-black-consciousness-movement||In the 1960s, the government had jailed, banned or exiled the majority of the Liberation Movement’s leaders. The response from the Black South Africans was an intensified wave of tyranny, and a new set of organizations emerged, such as The Black Consciousness Movement.|
|Turkey – how Halide Edib illustrates how Turkey reformed the lives of women||Thea G||https://books.google.com/books/about/Memoirs_of_Halid%C3%A9_Edib.html?id=O9YtAAAAMAAJ||"Turkish-Islamic Feminist Confronts National Patriarchy: Halide Edib's Divided Self" by Erdag Goknar||"Halide Edib: Turkish Nationalism and the Formation of the Rupublic" by Ansev Demirhan||Halide Edib was an outspoken and proud Turkish nationalist and defender of women’s rights. Her books and speeches inspired people to look beyond what they had grown accustomed to and inspired them to help their country move forward against oppressive rule.|
|West Africa – how the Atlantic slave trade affected the slave market in West Africa||Tori L||https://slavevoyages.org/resources/images/category/Places/34||Nunn, Nathan, and Leonard Wantchekon. "The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa." The American Economic Review101, no. 7 (2011): 3221-252. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41408736.||Lovejoy, Paul E. "The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on Africa: A Review of the Literature." The Journal of African History 30, no. 3 (1989): 365-94. http://www.jstor.org/stable/182914.||The Atlantic slave trade affected the slave market in West Affrica in many different ways. Some ways were positive, but more were negative.The economy was affected, personal families were altered and dismantled for ever, and rulers were pushed to their brinks to decide exactly how they wanted to approach their specific regions with the impending slave trade going on.|
|West Africa – The Gambia – effects of the slave trade on the people of The Gambia||Bondeana L||http://www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/2691||Wikle, Thomas A., and Dale R. Lightfoot. “Landscapes of the Slave Trade in Senegal and The Gambia.” American Geographical Society’s Focus on Geography 57 (1): 14–24.||Anderson, Richard. “Uncovering Testimonies of Slavery and the Slave Trade in Missionary Sources: The SHADD Biographies Project and the CMS and MMS Archives for Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and the Gambia.” Slavery & Abolition 38 (3): 620–44.||Although the slave trade improved England and the American Colonies economically, the people of Gambia were the ones faced with the crucial effects of the slave trade; some slaves were forced to leave the Gambia while some were forced to stay. Some of the slaves cooperated with the slave trade and their owners, while others resisted and fought till the bloody end.|
|Women's roles in Indian religions (Vedic, Jainism, Buddhism)||Elise K||http://chnm.gmu.edu/wwh/modules/lesson5/lesson5.php?s=0||De Nicola, Bruno. "Mongol Women’s Encounters with Eurasian Religions." In Women in Mongol Iran: The Khatuns, 1206-1335, 182-241. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3366/j.ctt1g09twn.13.||http://chnm.gmu.edu/wwh/modules/lesson5/lesson5.php?s=0||Different indian religions permitted women to have different degrees of freedoms and rights.|
|Zulu Empire – how Shaka created the empire||Andrew D||https://www.sahistory.org.za/people/shaka-zulu||Wright, John. "A. T. Bryant and 'The Wars of Shaka'." History in Africa 18 (1991): 409-25. doi:10.2307/3172075.||Golan, Daphna. "The Life Story of King Shaka and Gender Tensions in the Zulu State." History in Africa 17 (1990): 95-111. doi:10.2307/3171808.||Shaka created an empire for the Zulu people.|
These sources are put together by students in HIS101-66 and HIS102-66, both of which are world history survey courses at SUNY Genesee Community College in Batavia, NY.
The students are directed to a Google Sheet listing vetted research topics. They then follow a 5-step process to create their research papers:
- 1 Choose a topic and primary source, and draft a thesis statement.
- 2 Choose two secondary sources.
- 3 Create an outline.
- 4 Submit a rough draft for feedback.
- 5 Submit the final copy
The first two steps of the process are reflected in the searchable table, above.
To locate primary sources the students are directed to the website of the Alfred C O’Connell Library at Genesee Community College, and to Fordham University’s Primary Sources website.
For secondary sources, the students first watch a video from the Alfred C O’Connell Library on how to search JSTOR, then they look for relevant journal articles.
Additional help is offered by the GCC Librarians, who have a great “Ask a Librarian” resource on the Alfred C O’Connell Library website.
Students are also provided resources for writing thses statements, like this one from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
If you have questions, comments, or topic ideas please send them to me! email@example.com
Note: the Plugin used to display the data is: Inline Google Spreadsheet Viewer. Author: Meitar Moscovitz
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.